Last major update issued on January 10, 2010 at 07:20 UTC.
[Solar and geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update October 4, 2007)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update October 4, 2007)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update October 4, 2007)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2006 (last update April 5, 2007)]
[Archived reports (last update January 3, 2010)]
The geomagnetic field was very quiet on January 9. Solar wind speed ranged between 270 and 288 km/s.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 81.7. The planetary A index was 1 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 1.4). Three hour interval K indices: 00001101 (planetary), 00001100 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B1 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk.
Region 11040 developed quickly. C flares are likely. Polarities are poorly separated at the center of the region and there's a chance a magnetic delta configuration could form. Flare: C1.0 at 15:03 UTC.
January 7-9: No partially or fully Earth directed CMEs were observed in LASCO or STEREO imagery.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A coronal hole (CH388) in the northern hemisphere rotated across the central meridian on January 9. It may be located too far to the north to cause geomagnetic effects.
Processed SOHO/EIT 195 image at 22:24 UTC on January 9. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along paths north of due west over high and upper middle latitudes is very good. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet on January 10-12. There's a slight chance of unsettled intervals on January 13 if a stream from CH388 arrives.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SWPC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SWPC or where SWPC has observed no spots. SWPC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SWPC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SWPC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|11040||2010.01.07||10||13||N30E35||0070||CRI||classification was DAI at midnight|
|Total spot count:||10||13|
|Month||Average measured solar flux||International sunspot number (SIDC)||Smoothed sunspot number||Average Ap|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2009.07||68.2||3.5||(3.5 predicted, +0.8)||5.49|
|2009.08||67.3||0.0||(4.4 predicted, +0.9)||5.70|
|2009.09||70.5||4.2||(5.4 predicted, +1.0)||3.88|
|2009.10||72.6||4.6||(6.5 predicted, +1.1)||3.66|
|2009.11||73.6||4.2||(7.7 predicted, +1.2)||2.45|
|2009.12||76.7||10.6||(9.1 predicted, +1.4)||1.41|
|2010.01||77.3 (1)||4.4 (2)||(10.1 predicted, +1.0)||(1.37)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SWPC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.