Last major update issued on July 10, 2007 at 04:30 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update June 3, 2007)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2006 (last update April 5, 2007)]
[Archived reports (last update July 1, 2007)]
The geomagnetic field was very quiet on July 9. Solar wind speed ranged between 278 and 350 km/s (average speed was 323 km/s, decreasing 58 km/s from the previous day).
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 77.1. The planetary A index was 3 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap indices: 2.9). Three hour interval K indices: 11001111 (planetary), 10011111 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B1 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was low. A total of 3 C class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10963 developed further, particularly in the intermediate spot section. The region is slowly becoming more complex as negative polarity areas have emerged in the central parts. If this development continues a magnetic delta structure could soon form. There is an increasing chance of an M class flare. Flares: C1.0 at 01:59, C1.7 at 06:14 and C1.3 at 23:05 UTC.
July 6-8: None observed (no LASCO imagery).
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report to the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
The northwesternmost extension of a recurrent coronal hole (CH277) in the southern hemisphere was in an Earth facing position on July 6-7. The northeasternmost extension of the same coronal hole structure may have been in an Earth facing position on July 9-10.
Processed STEREO 195 image at 23:35 UTC on July 9. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is poor. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor.
Monitoring remarks from a location near N58E06: July 10: Fair signals were noted from 1070 CBA, 1510 WWZN and Venezuela on 1310 kHz. Only a few other stations were noted with weak signals.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to unsettled on July 10-13, maybe with a few active intervals on July 10-11, due to effects from CH277.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the
color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was DAC at midnight
|Total spot count:||10||17|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2007.01||83.3||16.9||(11.9 predicted, -0.2)|
|2007.02||77.7||10.6||(11.3 predicted, -0.6)|
|2007.03||72.2||4.8||(10.8 predicted, -0.5)|
|2007.04||72.4||3.7||(10.8 predicted, unchanged)|
|2007.05||74.4||11.7||(10.6 predicted, -0.2)|
|2007.06||73.7||12.0||(10.7 predicted, +0.1)|
|2007.07||73.2 (1)||5.3 (2)||(11.0 predicted, +0.3)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.