Last major update issued on January 21, 2006 at 05:15 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update January 8, 2006)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update January 8, 2006)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update January 8, 2006)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update January 8, 2006)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on January 20. Solar wind speed ranged between 431 and 467 (all day average 452) km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 90.7. The planetary A
index was 6 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 12012332 (planetary), 12112321 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class A8 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was very low. No C class events were recorded during the day.
Region 10848 developed as new flux emerged in the center of the region forming a weak magnetic delta structure. C flares are likely.
January 18-20: No obviously fully or partly Earth directed CMEs were observed.
Coronal hole history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A recurrent trans equatorial coronal hole (CH206) will likely rotate to an Earth facing position late on January 21-22. CH206 appears to have decayed quite a bit over the last solar rotation.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 19:06 UTC on January 20. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to unsettled on January 21-22 and become unsettled to active on January 23-24 due to effects from CH206.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived the color changes to green.
2) Effects from a CME are likely to be observed at Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is good. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is very poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: WLAM Lewiston ME and WWNN Pompano Beach FL. On other frequencies lots of stations from the eastern parts of North America were audible, several with strong signals.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
classification was DAI at midnight, area 0250
|Total spot count:||13||21|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2005.07||96.4||39.9||(29.1 predicted, +0.3)|
|2005.08||90.5||36.4||(27.4 predicted, -1.7)|
|2005.09||91.1||22.1||(25.4 predicted, -2.0)|
|2005.10||77.0||8.5||(23.4 predicted, -2.0)|
|2005.11||86.3||18.0||(21.0 predicted, -2.4)|
|2005.12||90.7||41.2||(18.2 predicted, -2.8)|
|2006.01||81.9 (1)||16.1 (2)||(15.2 predicted, -3.0)|
1) Running average based on the
daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.