Last major update issued on September 15, 2005 at 04:30 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update September 3, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update September 3, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update September 3, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update September 14 , 2005)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to minor storm on September 14. Solar wind speed ranged between 500 and 661 (all day average 558) km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 116.6. The planetary
index was 25 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 33555332 (planetary), 33544333 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B5 level.
At midnight there was 1 spotted region on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was moderate. A total of 10 C and 1 M class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10808 decayed quickly in the trailing spot section with the disappearance of the negative polarity areas which previously had been intermixed with the dominant positive polarity area. The main penumbra increased its size again and remains very complex. The inversion line has become longer and there is poor separation between opposite polarity umbrae. Further major proton flares are possible as long as the strong delta in that part of the region persists. Flares: C6.3 at 02:33, C3.8 at 04:19, C5.2 at 07:03, C2.2 at 09:04, M4.6 at 10:38, C3.4 at 12:57, C4.4 at 19:27, C4.3 at 21:18, C5.8 at 23:12 and C3.7 at 23:42 UTC.
September 13: A large, fast full halo CME was associated with the X1 long duration event which peaked at 20:05 UTC in region 10808.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
Coronal holes cannot currently be reliably observed as the relevant GOES SXI, TRACE and SOHO data are all unavailable.
Processed TRACE mosaic image on September 6, 2005. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be unsettled to very severe storm on September 15. A very significant impact from the CME observed late on September 13 is expected to arrive before noon today. Unsettled to major storm is likely on September 16 becoming quiet to active on September 17 barring further CME activity in region 10808.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is useless. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant station tonight: Radio Cristal del Uruguay with a poor signal. There was no local sunrise peak in reception of distant signals on September 14.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|Total spot count:||76||47|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2005.03||89.9||24.5||(33.5 predicted, -0.4)|
|2005.04||86.0||24.4||(32.2 predicted, -1.3)|
|2005.05||99.3||42.6||(29.9 predicted, -2.3)|
|2005.06||93.7||39.6||(28.7 predicted, -1.2)|
|2005.07||96.4||39.9||(27.7 predicted, -1.0)|
|2005.08||90.5||36.4||(25.8 predicted, -1.9)|
|2005.09||94.5 (1)||20.4 (2)||(24.2 predicted, -1.6)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.