Last major update issued on August 4, 2005 at 04:55 UTC.
geomagnetic data - last month (updated daily)]
[Solar wind and electron fluence charts (updated daily)]
[Solar cycles 21-23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Solar cycles 1-20]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 21, 22 and 23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Graphical comparison of cycles 2, 10, 13, 17, 20 and 23 (last update August 2, 2005)]
[Historical solar and geomagnetic data charts 1954-2004 (last update February 1, 2005)]
[Archived reports (last update August 3, 2005)]
The geomagnetic field was quiet to unsettled on August 3. Solar wind speed ranged between 434 and 580 (all day average 466) km/sec.
Solar flux measured at 20h UTC on 2.8 GHz was 108.9. The planetary
index was 11 (STAR Ap - based on the mean of three hour interval ap
Three hour interval K indices: 23212333 (planetary), 23312223 (Boulder).
The background x-ray flux is at the class B2 level.
At midnight there were 4 spotted regions on the visible solar disk. The solar flare activity level was moderate. A total of 3 C and 1 M class events was recorded during the day.
Region 10792 decayed significantly losing nearly all penumbra outside of the largest spot. Flares:
C1.7 at 02:45 and C2.1 at 21:08 UTC.
Region 10794 developed slowly and could produce another minor M class flare. Flares: M3.4/1N at 05:06 and C9.3 at 14:07 UTC.
Region 10795 was quiet and stable.
New region 10796 emerged in the southeast quadrant.
August 1-3: No obvious partly or fully Earth directed CMEs were observed.
history (since late October 2002)
Compare today's report with the situation one solar rotation ago: 28 days ago 27 days ago 26 days ago
A small trans equatorial coronal hole (CH178) will rotate to an Earth position on August 4.
Processed SOHO/EIT 284 image at 19:06 UTC on August 3. The darkest areas on the solar disk are likely coronal holes.
The geomagnetic field is expected to be quiet to unsettled on August 4-6.
|Coronal holes (1)||Coronal mass ejections (2)||M and X class flares (3)|
1) Effects from a coronal hole could reach Earth
within the next 5 days. When the high speed stream has arrived
the color changes to green.
2) Material from a CME is likely to impact Earth within 96 hours.
3) There is a possibility of either M or X class flares within the next 48 hours.
Green: 0-20% probability, Yellow: 20-60% probability, Red: 60-100% probability.
Long distance low and medium frequency (below 2 MHz) propagation along east-west paths over high and upper middle latitudes is fair to poor. Propagation on long distance northeast-southwest paths is poor. Trans Atlantic propagation conditions are normally monitored every night on 1470 kHz. Dominant stations tonight: Radio Vibración (Venezuela) and Radio Cristal del Uruguay. WWZN on 1510 kHz had a fair to good signal while several stations from Newfoundland were also heard with fair signals. WGIT on 1660 kHz had a good peak near LSR.
Compare to the previous day's image.
Data for all numbered solar regions according to the Solar Region Summary provided by NOAA/SEC. Comments are my own, as is the STAR spot count (spots observed at or inside a few hours before midnight) and data for regions not numbered by SEC or where SEC has observed no spots. SEC active region numbers in the table below and in the active region map above are the historic SEC/USAF numbers.
|Active region||Date numbered||SEC
|Location at midnight||Area||Classification||Comment|
|10792||2005.07.28||26||17||N11W01||0240||DKC||classification was DAI at midnight, area 0170|
area was 0120 at midnight
classification was HAX at midnight
|10796||2005.08.03||2||4||S07E05||0010||CSO||classification was CRO at midnight|
|Total spot count:||52||42|
flux at Earth
|International sunspot number||Smoothed sunspot number|
cycle 23 sunspot max.
|2005.02||97.2||29.1||(33.5 predicted, -1.1)|
|2005.03||89.9||24.8||(32.1 predicted, -1.4)|
|2005.04||86.0||24.4||(30.2 predicted, -1.9)|
|2005.05||99.3||42.6||(27.6 predicted, -2.6)|
|2005.06||93.7||39.3||(26.1 predicted, -1.5)|
|2005.07||96.4||39.9||(25.1 predicted, -1.0)|
|2005.08||110.1 (1)||10.2 (2)||(23.2 predicted, -1.9)|
1) Running average based on the daily 20:00 UTC observed solar flux
value at 2800 MHz.
2) Unofficial, accumulated value based on the Boulder (NOAA/SEC) sunspot number. The official international sunspot number is typically 30-50% lower.
This report has been prepared by Jan Alvestad. It is based partly on my own observations and analysis, and partly on data from some of these solar data sources. All time references are to the UTC day. Comments and suggestions are always welcome.